SAIL exploring new markets to source coking coal.

SAIL exploring new markets to source coking coal: Chairman Anil Chaudhary.

Synopsis

According to official data, the country imports about 56 million tonnes (MT) of coking coal worth around Rs 72,000 crore. Out of this, about 45 MT is imported from Australia alone, and the remaining from South Africa, Canada, and the US.

New Delhi:

State-run steel maker SAIL NSE 2.93 % is exploring new markets for the sourcing of coking coal with a view to reducing dependence on select countries for the raw material, its chairman Anil Kumar Chaudhary said.

According to official data, the country imports about 56 million tonnes (MT) of coking coal worth around Rs 72,000 crore. Out of this, about 45 MT is imported from Australia alone, and the remaining from South Africa, Canada, and the US.

“Domestic steelmakers depend heavily on imported coking coal. SAIL as well as metallurgical coal (coking coal) is largely procured through imports apart from some domestic sourcing. We are looking at developing new destinations and vendors for sourcing coking coal from the international market to avoid dependence on limited sources,” the SAIL chairman told in an interview.

Raw material security holds significance for the steelmaker which plans to more than double its capacity to 50 MTPA by 2030.

SAIL is part of a joint venture International Coal Ventures Limited (ICVL)

Chaudhary further said that SAIL is part of a joint venture International Coal Ventures Limited (ICVL) with the aim to acquire mining assets abroad. PSUs like RINL, NMDC, CIL, and NTPC are partners in the JV.

ICVL has acquired coal mines and assets in Mozambique with coal reserves of more than 500 MT. The mining from these overseas assets is gradually being enhanced, he said.

According to the company data, during 2019-20, the requirement of about 1.53 MT coking coal was met from indigenous sources like Coal India NSE 1.07 % Limited and captive sources while the balance 13.70 MT was met through imports.

Earlier, the official auditor CAG had pulled up the steel giant for being heavily dependent on imported coking coal.

On sourcing of iron ore, another key steelmaking raw material, he said the company meets its entire iron ore requirements from captive sources.

During 2019-20, the company’s captive mines produced about 29.28 MT of iron ore. The steelmaker, under the Ministry of Steel, has five integrated steel plants and over 20 captive mines spread across Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and West Bengal.

SAIL is always aligned with the country’s vision

When asked about its expansion plan, Chaudhary said “SAIL is always aligned with the country’s vision of reaching 300 MTPA by 2030-31 which is a huge leap from the current domestic levels of around 140 MTPA. “So, in sync with the rising domestic steel capacity, SAIL has also envisaged going beyond its current installed levels. Depending on market demand and new opportunities, the company will take suitable actions.”

On the plans of setting up an auto-grade steel plant in JV with ArcelorMittal in India, he said SAIL and the L N Mittal-owned company had entered into an MoU in this regard and discussions were even in advanced stages.

“Even though the discussions with ArcelorMittal reached an advanced stage, the same took a back seat when AM (ArcelorMittal) got engaged in the acquisition of Essar Steel under the NCLT mechanism,” the chairman added.

SAIL is exploring different options

However, the technology for making auto-grade steel is available with other steel companies as well for which SAIL is exploring different options, he said.

Earlier, two separate delegations of Indian steel PSUs led by the Ministry of Steel visited Japan and South Korea for deliberations with the steel firms in these countries for further expansion and probable areas of technological collaboration towards the manufacturing of high-grade steel including steel for auto-body sheets, Chaudhary informed.

SAIL and the Luxembourg-based ArcelorMittal had entered into an MoU in May 2015 to explore the possibility of setting up an auto-grade steel manufacturing facility under a joint venture in India.

About two-and-a-half years later in December 2017, the SAIL board approved the proposal to enter into a joint venture within India.

About two-and-a-half years later in December 2017, the SAIL board approved the proposal to enter into a joint venture with the world’s largest steelmaker ArcelorMittal for manufacturing high-end automotive steel. However, a definitive agreement in this regard was to be finalized in due course, subject to financial viability.

While speaking to earlier, the chairman had said that there was no delay from SAIL’s side. The company had even written a letter to ArcelorMittal asking the latter to expedite the process for signing the definitive agreement but the effort could not gain fruitful results.

Source- | The Economic Times | Business news | Industry |

BHEL begins civil works at West Bengal.

BHEL begins civil works at 660-MW Sagardighi thermal power plant in West Bengal.

New Delhi: State-owned engineering firm BHEL on Friday said it has commenced civil works at 660-MW Sagardighi supercritical thermal power project in West Bengal. Following the strategic completion of pre-engineering activities for the project beforehand, groundbreaking has begun on zero dates itself, a BHEL statement said.

This is a major achievement as conventionally it takes a few months after the zero date to initiate civil works on-site, the company said.

Valued at approximately Rs 3,500 crore, the turnkey order for Sagardighi Thermal Power Project Extension Unit-5 was won by BHEL against stiff international competitive bidding.

The order for the project located at Manigram village in Murshidabad district of West Bengal was placed on BHEL by West Bengal Power Development Corporation (WBPDCL).

The notice to proceed was issued after obtaining the necessary approvals like environmental clearances.

BHEL’s scope of work in the project includes design, engineering, manufacture, supply, erection, testing, and commissioning of the main plant turnkey package, the statement said.

The package comprises a supercritical boiler and turbine generator along with its auxiliaries, electricals, controls and instrumentation, switchyard, flue gas desulphurization (FGD) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems, coal handling plant, and ash handling plant.

The key equipment for the project will be manufactured at BHEL’s Trichy, Haridwar, Bhopal, Ranipet, Hyderabad, Jhansi, Thirumayam, and Bengaluru plants, while the company’s Power Sector – Eastern Region division will be responsible for construction and installation activities on site.

The Sagardighi thermal power station is already equipped with two sets of 500 MW installed by BHEL in 2016.

BHEL has so far contributed

BHEL has so far contributed over 80 percent of the total coal-based generating capacity of WBPDCL. In addition to Sagardighi, BHEL has executed projects at Bakreswar (5×210 MW), Kolaghat TPS (6×210 MW), Bandel TPS (1×210 MW), and Santaldih TPS (4×120 MW + 2×250 MW) for WBPDCL.

The BHEL-installed units are running successfully and form the backbone of electricity generation in the state of West Bengal.

BHEL is India’s largest manufacturer of power generation equipment with an installed base of over 1,90,000 MW of power plant equipment globally.

The company has contracted 58 sets of supercritical boilers and 53 sets of supercritical turbine generators, ordered on it by various customers, in domestic as well as overseas markets.

In the supercritical segment, BHEL has successfully manufactured and executed 660 MW, 700 MW, and 800 MW sets, thereby demonstrating its leadership status and technological prowess.

Source- | The Economic Times | Business news | Industry |

Impact of Covid-19 on the Indian Economy

Impact of Covid-19 on the Indian Economy

India faces a huge decline in government revenues and growth of the income for at least two quarters as the coronavirus hits the economic activity of the country as a whole. A fall in investor sentiment impacts privatization plans, government, and industry. The economic impact of COVID-19 is very disturbing. No one has been spared of its ill effects. Economies of about 100 plus countries have been destroyed out of which some of them have asked for monetary help from IMF. Businesses across the world namely hospitality, entertainment, aviation, etc have seen a major negative impact. Various sports events such as IPL and the Olympics have been postponed. Schools and colleges have been closed. The virus has also disrupted the functioning of various online giants such as Amazon. Countries such as the USA, Italy, and Spain are suffering the most since their death toll is very high.

COVID-19

Impact on Economy:

There is a big shift in the world economic market and the share market has witnessed crashes day by day. Factories, Restaurants, Pubs, Markets, Flights, Super Markets, Malls, Universities, and Colleges, etc. were shut down. The fear of coronavirus has limited the movement of individuals. People were not even going to buy the daily essentials and these all were somewhere impacting the economy of the world as a whole. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)reveals that they have cut their expectation for global growth to 2.4% from 2.9%, and warns that it could fall as low as 1.5%.

India faces a huge decline in government revenues and growth of the income for at least two quarters as the coronavirus hits the economic activity of the country as a whole. A fall in investor sentiment impacts privatization plans, government, and industry.

The lockdown in India will have a sizeable impact on the economy mainly on consumption which is the biggest component of GDP.

India’s total electronic imports are equal to 45% that of China. Around one-third of machinery and almost two-fifths of organic chemicals that India purchases come from China. For automotive parts and fertilizers, China’s share in India’s imports is more than 25%. Around 65 to 70% of active pharmaceutical ingredients and around 90% of certain mobile phones come from China to India.

India Bombay Stock Exchange market crisis red market price down chart fall / Stock analysis or forex charts graph Business and finance money crisis background red negative drop in sales economic fall

Disruption of supply chain and global trade

Covid-19 has disrupted global supply chains and this is generating spillover effects throughout different levels of supplier networks. Global trade in 2020 will fall in every region of the world and will affect all sectors of the economy. This will impact countries that are strong exporters (no output for their local companies), but also those that are importers (lack of raw materials). The World Trade Organization (WTO) expects global trade to fall up to 32% this year due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Conclusion

A global recession now seems inevitable. But how deep and long the downturn will depend on the success of measures taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the effects of government policies to alleviate liquidity problems in SMEs, and to support families under financial distress. It also depends upon how companies react and prepare for the re-start of economic activities. And, above all, it depends on how long the current lockdowns will last.
The country is facing an extraordinarily challenging time in this financial year. India has to urgently find a way to cushion the demand side shocks induced by potential lockdowns and other ongoing containment measures.

Developing countries like India have more fragile economic and social fabric and the present situation will create more suffering for the unorganized sectors and migrant labor. Borrowing the words of former RBI governor C Rangarajan “Government of India must provide lifelines to businesses – extend loans and tax waivers to small businesses and the self-employed to retain staff — give direct support to severely affected industries and provide more funds to states, tax waivers to households, etc.”

 

 

India’s crude steel output falls

India’s crude steel output falls over four percent to 8.48 million tonnes in August: World Steel

NEW DELHI: India’s crude steel production fell over 4 percent to 8.478 million tonnes (MT) in August 2020, according to the World Steel Association (worldsteel). The country had produced 8.869 MT of crude steel during the same month last year, the global industry body said in its latest report.

However, global steel output has started showing a positive trend, the data showed.

Crude Steel Production

“World crude steel production for 64 countries reporting to the worldsteel was 156.244 MT in August 2020, registering a rise of 0.6 percent compared to August 2019,” the worldsteel said.

“Due to the ongoing difficulties presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, many of this month’s figures are estimates that may be revised with next month’s production update,” it added.

Global steel production was at 155.374 MT in August 2019.

China registered an 8.4 percent year-on-year growth in steel output at 94.845 MT during August 2020 as compared to 87.499 MT in August 2019.

The US produced 5.588 MT of crude steel in August 2020, registering a fall of 24.4 percent as compared to 7.396 MT output in August 2019.

Japan produced 6.446 MT of crude steel in August 2020, down 20.6 percent from 8.120 MT a year ago. South Korea’s steel production for the month stood at 5.800 MT, down 1.8 percent as compared to 5.905 MT in August 2019, the data showed.

Germany produced 2.830 MT of crude steel in August 2020, down 13.4 percent from August 2019, while Italy produced 0.939 MT of crude steel in the month, up 9.7 percent from a year ago.

France produced 0.722 MT of crude steel in August 2020, down 31.2 percent over August 2019. Spain’s steel production for August 2020 stood at 0.696 MT, down 32.5 percent year-on-year.

“Brazil produced 2.7 MT of crude steel in August 2020, up by 6.5 percent from August 2019. Turkey’s crude steel production for August 2020 was at 3.2 MT, up 22.9 percent from August 2019,” worldsteel said.

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Ispat Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. is a major distributor and producer of products made by prominent brands in India such as – cement, TMT bars, asbestos sheets, G.P., and G.C. Sheets, color coated profile sheets, etc. Contact us for further details!

Source- | The Economic Times | Business news | Industry |

Domestic demand for TMT bars to normalise by October

Synopsis

Electrosteel Steels Ltd. (ESL) had exported about 50% of the steel produced in March. However, the export percentage has come down to zero since June. “Q2 has been a better quarter in terms of demand and production; this is the kind of V-shaped recovery we were expecting,” Pankaj Malhan, chief executive officer of Electrosteel said.

Domestic demand for TMT bars is at about 85% of the pre-COVID levels and is inching up, said Pankaj Malhan, chief executive officer of Vedanta NSE 1.48 % Group company Electrosteel NSE 0.57 % Steels Ltd.

Bundle reinforcing bar. Steel reinforcement. Industrial background. Top view.

Detailed information on Domestic Demand for the TMT Bars:

“Demand for the TMT bars segment is still at 85% of pre-COVID levels. That’s also because of the monsoon season, but we are very bullish. This demand will be back to 100% in the next month itself,” Malhan told ET.

Electrosteel Steels Ltd. (ESL) had exported about 50% of the steel produced in March. However, the export percentage has come down to zero since June. “Q2 has been a better quarter in terms of demand and production; this is the kind of V-shaped recovery we were expecting,” he said.
“With steel prices moving up by 25% in Q2, and demand picking up, we are hopeful that we will be even doubling our Q1 Ebitda,” Malhan said.
In February, the company had planned to double capacity at its Bokaro unit and was evaluating a greenfield facility in Karnataka. Malhan said those plans are being reviewed.
“We were quite bullish back then. Since mid-March, we saw some pushback due to the pandemic and the subsequent lockdown. We will now be going to the drawing board again, reworking and restarting the entire exercise,” said Malhan.
Vedanta had acquired ESL in 2018 as part of its forward integration strategy. Recently, the company law tribunal approved the merger of its arm Vedanta Star Ltd. with ESL.
ESL, which majorly produces long products like TMT bars and wire rods, is witnessing a surge in demand for automotive-grade wire rod products such as springs.
 

“It started on a slower mode, but the wire segment, which typically goes into rails and automotive parts, has started picking up. In terms of TMT bars, demand is inching up during the last three-four months,” Malhan said.

The CEO said that in order to secure the raw material requirements of the company, he is open to participating in upcoming mining auctions. “We would be open to any of the auctions that will come up. It just needs to make good financial sense to participate,” he said.

Source- | The Economic Times | Business news | Industry |

Benefits of using colour coated sheets for your roof

Why should we use roofing sheets for our roof?

Roofing is a significant component in the construction industry world over. Of late, there has been a shift towards the importance of aesthetics. From wallpaper to contemporary architecture, building construction goes beyond just practicality and functionality. One aspect that is gaining steady popularity is decorative, colour-coated roofing sheets. While we see them mostly in urban and industrialised areas, these sheets can be used not just for large industrial and commercial buildings, but residential buildings primarily for aesthetic reasons and but also as an alternative to the conventional galvanised iron sheets.

Until the mid-19th century, wood, slate and clay tiles were predominantly used as roofing materials. The last century saw asphalt, asbestos and fibre-cement replacing traditional materials. But now thanks to newer, more sophisticated technology, roofing sheets are made from a variety of metals like aluminium, copper, zinc and tin. A long period of market experimentation also saw roofing sheets develop through various levels of durability and fire-resistance. They are also available in different shapes, sizes and gauges to suit every customer’s needs.

The thickness of the colours coated on these sheets varies according to the requirement. Read on to know more about the benefits of using our colour coated sheets.

                                                   Colour Coated Roofing Sheet

Lightweight

The most colour coated sheet is made of Aluminium and it is one of the lightest available commercial metals with a density only a third of steel or copper. Since most colour-coated sheets are made of aluminium, they are both lightweight but have a strong and sturdy structure versus other roofing sheet materials.

Fire resistant

As most colour coated sheets are made of aluminium, they are non-combustible and have a Class-A fire rating. This makes them safe to use for homes, gardens, warehouses, factories, etc.

Weatherproof

When exposed to air, aluminium sheets develop a thin layer of aluminium oxide. This makes them resistant to corrosion and rusting. So you can be sure your colour coated roofs won’t fade when exposed to rain, heavy winds or bright sunlight. Colour coated sheets are coated with different colours via a chemical process. This ensures they retain they’re colour and shine for a long time.

Highly durable

A corrugated aluminium roofing sheet is highly durable. They have a high tensile strength at low temperatures, are thermal-friendly and retain their toughness through all kinds of weather. These sheets can also bear heavy loads without getting damaged. Because they last longer than traditional steel roofing sheets, you save money in the long run.

Easy to install

As colour coated sheets are lightweight, they are extremely easy to install. Unlike other sheets, they don’t bend and don’t exert pressure on roofs.

Eco-friendly

Only three to five per cent of the original energy used to produce the colour coated sheets is needed for recycling. Aluminium also has a very low melting point, so recycling them becomes easy.

Energy reflective and safe

Colour coated sheets today have a galvalume coating, which is an aluminium-zinc alloy. These sheets combine the strength of steel with the anti-corrosive property of aluminium and the durability of zinc. As a result, these colour coated sheets are an effective energy-saving solution as they reflect heat and thus cut back on your cooling costs. You can also be assured that your roof will not catch fire in the event of a lightning strike, nor will the colour crack or peel when subjected to the elements.

Aesthetically appealing

The final and most obvious benefit is that colour coated sheets dramatically increase the aesthetic value of every building as they come in a variety of colours, shapes, sizes and thickness. This makes them suitable for hotels, resorts, airport hangers, restaurants, offices, decorative walling purposes, etc.

We at Ispat Enterprises Pvt. Ltd offers high-quality colour coated sheets in a number of colours and designs. Visit us today for the best roofing solutions for your home or company.

TEST FOR TMT REINFORCEMENT BARS

Test for TMT bars!

Thermo Mechanically Treated (TMT) process has been developed for providing quality reinforcement to structures. The TMT process is a revolutionary process as it provides the steel bars high tensile strength as well as ductility. There are different grades for TMT reinforced steels namely Fe 415, Fe 500, Fe 550, Fe 600, where the numbers denote the minimum yield strength.

Bundle reinforcing bar. Steel reinforcement. Industrial background. Top view

Is the strength real?

Even Though TMT reinforced bars are highly marketed by almost every steel reinforcement processing company, the TMT bars cannot be tested by common means of touch, feel or by sight. The standardisation process is currently the only means for the common man when choosing the reinforcement bars. He is troubled as he is not sure whether the reinforced bar he bought has the qualities and properties the advertisements boast.

The Test

The good news is that there are tests which are performed to identify the proposed strength of the reinforced bar. These tests are:

  • Tensile Test
  • Yield Stress Test
  • Percentage Elongation Test
  • Bend & Rebend Test
  • Chemical Analysis Test

Tensile Test is the most common test performed on a reinforced steel bar. The TMT rebar is strained by the tensile force an elongated, generally to the point of failure, for the purpose of determining tensile strength.

Yield Stress is defined as the stress at which the TMT rebar will deform plastically i.e cannot be reshaped to the original.

Percentage elongation is the measure of reinforced bar’s ability to deform prior to breaking. Elongation is an important factor similar to yield strength in choosing the grade of TMT bars. Fe 415 has a minimum elongation of 14.5% whereas Fe 500 has a minimum elongation of 12%. Each grade TMT has its own purpose and is specifically designed for that purpose.

Bend & Rebend tests are mainly done to evaluate the ductility of the reinforced bar. The bend is performed by bending the steel bar at the midpoint resulting in bending without fracture. The Rebend test is performed to measure the effect of strain ageing on steel.

Chemical Analysis

In Chemical Analysis, the TMT reinforced bar is tested for various elements or compositions using Spectrometer. Spectromax using arc and spark excitation is the preferred method to determine the chemical composition of the samples. Chemical analysis results in the percentages of carbon, sulphur, and phosphorus which are important as per BIS. As per IS:1786, the maximum allowed percentages of elements are:

Elements Maximum value
Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550 Fe 600
Carbon 0.30 0.30 0.300 0.30
Sulphur 0.060 0.055 0.055 0.040
Phosphorus 0.060 0.055 0.055 0.040
Sulphur & Phosphorus 0.110 0.105 0.100 0.075

These are the tests used for evaluating the accurate strength of the reinforced TMT steel bar. Most of the tests can only be done in laboratories. So the point does not fall for false marketing by spurious sellers. Always buy the right TMT reinforced steel bar for construction and never hesitate to do the tests if needed.

Ispat Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. is a trustworthy producer as well as supplier of building materials, we produce the best quality TMT bars which will assure you safe construction. For any queries feel free to ask us!

National Tradesman Day

National Tradesman Day

Ispat Enterprises Pvt. Ltd is a provider of good quality building materials to the customers at affordable prices wishes you a very Happy National Tradesman Day.

Remember the famous photo of the builders who sat on the crane poles eating lunch while building the Empire State building? Those were tradesmen.

Tradesmen build our homes, roads, businesses, and schools. They are considered the backbone of every nation because they are doing the jobs that no one wants to do.

That’s why there is a day dedicated to them and their hard work, which includes recognition events, celebrations, and activities that present the hard work that they do.

History of Tradesmen Day

Irwin Tools, a world-class manufacturer of a broad line of professional hand tools and power tool accessories, founded the day in 2011 to honor the men and women who work hard to keep the United States running.

Irwin tools tend to host nominations for those who have made an impact in their community. However, this holiday is mainly about recognition, and thus many local towns who support their tradesmen are more likely to give out the awards to those who worked to sustain their communities.

Essentially, tradesmen are the start of great stories. Many actors, musicians, and artists tend to start off in these areas of work because of the availability of jobs in the market place.

However, these days people tend to look at the person’s work in the biggest moments of their life, instead of looking back on their previous jobs and seeing the efforts they’ve done there as an accomplishment in itself.

Today is National Tradesmen Day!

How to celebrate Tradesmen Day

To celebrate Tradesmen Day, tag a friend or family member who works in the industry on social media and thank them for their services. You can also talk with someone you know and learn more about their industry.

You can even create little trophies for them to thank them for the hard work they’ve done. You can create cards, make them dinner, host a party to give them a break. Basically, do anything that says “thank you” and they will definitely appreciate your kindness.

Happy Vishwakarma Puja

Vishwakarma Puja – The History, Significance, and Celebration in India.

Vishwakarma Puja is one of the famous festivals in India that is dedicated to Lord Vishwakarma. This Puja is synonymously known as Vishwakarma Jayanti, Vishwakarma Diwas, or Vishwakarma day. Vishwakarma is a Hindu God and a divine architect who created this universe.

Vishwakarma Puja
Lord Vishwakarma

The Vishwakarma festival is celebrated every year on the 17th of September. This festival is also observed according to the solar calendar instead of the lunar calendar. The festival is celebrated on the Kanya Sankranti i.e. when the Lord Surya leaves the Leo zodiac sign and enters the Virgo sign.

The people also do celebrate the Vishwakarma puja a day after the Diwali festival which is called Govardhan puja.

The puja time might differ little from place to place according to different Hindu Panchangs. You can follow your local Panchang to know the timing or you may ask your local astrologer who can guide you regarding the Puja Muhurt.

History of the Vishwakarma Puja

According to Hindu mythology, scripture, and ancient astrology books, Lord Vishwakarma is the divine architect of the world. He engineered the creation of the whole world.

He is said to have constructed the Holy city of Dwaraka which was ruled by Lord Krishna. Lord Vishwakarma also engineered very powerful and unique weapons for God. He also developed the Mahasabha of Pandavas.

As per the opinion available in the Rig Veda, Vishwakarma is known as a divine carpenter. He is the creator of the Sthaptya Veda, the science of architecture and mechanics.

Exotic India Marble Statue of Vishwakarma Ji

The Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated across different states in India such as Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Assam, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Tripura.

The festival is most importantly celebrated in the industrial topography and among the factories especially on the floor of the Shop or manufacturing head office.

The engineering and architectural community do pray and worship as a mark of reverence on the occasion of the Vishwakarma Jayanti. All the craftsmen, carpenters, engineers, mechanics, smiths, welders, factory workers, and industrial workers get united and pray the Lord Vishwakarma.

The Lord Vishwakarma is worshipped for the safety of the factory, manufacturing units, machinery, and betterment of the people working over there.

A special statue or idol is installed nearby every factory or workplace. These days, some people do install Lord Vishwakarma is a place according to the Vedic Vastu Shastra.

Vishwakarma Puja Pandal

How to celebrate Vishwakarma Jayanti

Generally, the factories and manufacturing units are closed on the days of Vishwakarma. All the family members of the factories get united. The people install the colorful pandals for the Puja performance.

The well-decorated idols of Lord Vishwakarma are installed in the Pandal according to the rituals in the Hindu scripture. The important tools are worshiped in the name of Vishwakarma. Even the profession of every individual of the factories is worshiped in the name of God of the architecture. The tools are not used until the next day.

The offering or Prasad is distributed among the people. The people go for lunch once the Puja performance is over.

Nowadays, most of the companies are equipped with IT. Hence the electronic machinery, computers, and servers are worshipped in the name Lord Vishwakarma.

Ispatgold wishes: 

On this blessed occasion of Vishwakarma Puja, may you be blessed with skills and creativity. Happy Vishwakarma Jayanti! – May Lord Vishwakarma – the creator of tools and machines, and deity of all craftsmen and architects endow upon you his virtue and goodwill. Happy Vishwakarma Jayanti!

Upcoming Materials that will Revolutionize Construction

Materials that Are Set to Change the Building Industry

With each year, materials and ideas develop and innovate, building on the foundations laid by decades and decades of previous architectural feats. The development of new building materials allows architects to better realize their vision, fortifying constructions with optimized strength, durability, and flexibility.

These radical innovations, as well as being functionally essential, create more sophisticated, revolutionary means of construction. Whether developed specifically for buildings or created for other fields, new technologies have the potential to impact lifespan, appearance, and functionality.

Concrete and metal rebar used to build a floor.

With the rapid development of new materials, the building industry is almost always evolving. While it’s impossible to tell exactly where it’s heading, recent progress can at least give us a clue as to what might change the building industry in the near future. As materials become more advanced and sophisticated, so too will the buildings in which they’re used. Here, we’ll delve into the materials being leveraged by architects, designers, and scientists that look set to alter the foundations of the building industry in the near future, along with some innovations that have already impacted things considerably.

Quick Navigation

Self-healing concrete

Commonly used across the building industry, concrete’s ubiquity is perhaps only matched by the frequency with which it cracks. That is to say, a lot. A hunk of concrete with the capabilities to patch over its own fractures would undoubtedly be a boon to the building industry, eliminating cracks, repairs, and leaks, along with the need for damp-proofing. Strangely enough, however, the idea of a self-healing concrete has been around since ancient Rome, where it was used underwater, but modern approaches are comparatively more sophisticated.

grunge cracked stuco wall background

Its self-healing abilities come in the form of Bacillus bacteria, which is mixed with concrete before pouring. When a rupture is formed, limestone is created which fills in the crack. Since the bacteria within can lay dormant for up to 200 years, it’s a relatively long-term solution, too.

Hardwood cross-laminated timber

Made from layers of solid lumber, cross-laminated timber has proven to be a crucial alternative for buildings needing sustainability and durability. With its alternating, layered design, it’s practically as strong as reinforced concrete and structural steel, and could theoretically be used in the same way as the latter in similarly-designed structures.

Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT)

Bioplastic

Especially strong and long-lasting, plastic is also one of the most contaminant elements in the world thanks to its molasses-slow process of biodegradation. Bioplastic, made from algae, marine chitins, cellulose, and a plethora of other renewable biomass resources, means it degrades in a much speedier manner after being discarded. An excellent green alternative to plastic made with fossil fuels, its sophisticated properties would well be used in cladding, structural elements, and other architecture-strengthening structures.

Bioplastics: Making an Informed Decision

Homeostatic facades

We’ve all been in a place of work whose conditions, whether it’s overheating or too much light, can prove stifling over time. The idea behind homeostatic facades is that the material they’re built with adjusts to these exterior conditions to help create the optimal desired interior conditions.

office buildings at sunrise

Composed of a ribbon made from a dielectric material (a polymer that reacts to electric impulses) encased in a double glass façade, both sides are coated with silver, which reflects light and distributes electricity across the material’s surface, allowing it to adapt to the building’s most necessary conditions as a result.

Artificial spider silk

A material whose use is not quite as set in stone as the others on this list, the development of artificial spider silk has nevertheless been making progress. After decades of getting caught up in a web of rumor mill spin and hearsay, the material’s tangled story could finally be on its way to a happy ending thanks to a Japanese company called Spiber Inc.

Artificial Spider Silk: Stronger Than Steel

The company claims artificial spider silk is 340 times tougher than steel and is poised to become a sustainable next-generation material ‘unlike any the world has ever seen’. Despite its progress, the material is still vulnerable to weather which has kept it confined to workshops, labs, and experimental projects for the time being.

3D-printed graphene

Graphene, considered one of the strongest artificial materials in the world, contains physical properties that render its applications near-limitless. However, since it physically manifests itself as sheets or flakes, it becomes difficult (though not impossible) when used on construction.

Though very much at the nascent stage, the possibility of using 3D-printed graphene in construction was strengthened by a paper published by three MIT engineers, which mentioned a three-dimensional structure that potentially had the ability to be 10 times as strong as steel, and 5% the weight of it too, if built with 3D-printed graphene.

Scientific background. 3D render

Aerographite

Created by researchers at the Hamburg University of Technology in 2012, aerographite is made from networks of hollow carbon tubes, which makes it 75 times lighter than Styrofoam. Stable at room temperature, it’s also able to conduct electricity, is incredibly strong, and yet is still able to be bent into other shapes.                                                   Aerographite: Six times lighter

It’s so flexible and malleable in fact, that it can be compressed into space 95% its normal area, and then restored to its original form, free from damage. Amazingly, the scrunching up of aerographite actually serves to make it stronger, which isn’t true of most lightweight materials subjected to compression. Since it can also withstand vibrations, it’s regularly used in airplanes and satellites, too.

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